Friday, February 22, 2019
Women in Psychology
Abstract It is safe to infer that the see of psychological perception is ever changing and advancing in many facets. This growth is due to the many physiologist, theorist, psychologist, and scientist that start out dedicated their beings to theatreing of the human look and human behavior. Amongst these professionals, stand some very influential women. These women have vie very important and often key roles in the development of psychology as we know it today.I will highlight the contributions of some major roles females have played in psychology, and conclude by discussing the contributions of Americans archetypical female psychologist Christine Ladd-Franklin, her background, and theoretic perspectives of psychology. Women in Psychology Psychology as we know it today is the study or science of the human mind and behavior. Psychology up until 1870 was a branch of philosophy and then develop as an independent scientific discipline. In 1879 began the study of experimental sci ence with Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig.This marked a historic and very important moment in psychology. Though Wundt is the first to experiment with psychology, there were also others who followed very closely. Charles Peirce, particularly, who was the first American experimental psychologist, also had a major contribution. In Charles Peirce journey in psychology, he worked very closely with Christine Ladd-Franklin, who afterward became the first woman involved in the three disciplines logic, psychology, and mathematics.Although we dont hear much slightly women and their engagement in psychology, some women offe reddish some major contributions to the field of psychology mingled with 1850 to present day. Psychology as we know is the study or science of the human mind and behavior. Although we dont hear much about women and their involvement in psychology, some women offered some major contributions to the field of psychology between 1850 to present day. Women such as Mary Whiton Calk ins, Maria Montessori, Marg bet Floy Washburn, Karey Horney, Christine Ladd-Franklin, and Anna Freud had important contributions to the field of psychology.Some contributions include, but are non limited to such as paired associate techniques, Childrens House for psych- pedagogy, which is an educational method for nipper psychology, the founding of The Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis as well as the Hampstead Clinic, a treatment center for child psychology. These women had great accomplishments in the man of psychology. However, for the purposes of this reputation, I will be discussing the workings and contributions of Christine Ladd-Franklin.Christina Ladd-Franklin was born in 1847. She accompanied Vassar studying mathematics, since the field of physics (her primary interest) was not available to women. She later attended John Hopkins University, where she completed the requirements for her PH. D, but due to the fact that women were not allowed to graduate f rom the University, she was not given her PhD until years later. Ladds dissertation paper was written on the Algebra of Logic, and she became the very first women involved in psychology, mathematics, and logic.Once Ladd left over(p) Hopkins, she worked side by side with G. E. Mller who worked on memory activity, the numeral prodigy, color view, and also his analysis of the method of introspection. Ladd was very interested in Mllers study on color vision, and in flip over proposed her own color vision surmise. In part she suggested that some animals are color blind and assumed that achromatic vision appeared first in evolution and color vision came later. She assumed further that the human look carries vestiges of its earlier evolutionary development.She observed that the most highly evolved part of the plaza is the fovea, where, at least in daylight, visual acuity and color aesthesia are greatest. Ladd-Franklin assumed that peripheral vision (provided by the rods of the reti na) was more original than fovea vision (provided by the cones of the retina) because night vision and movement detecting are crucial for survival ( Hergenhahn, B. R. 2009.. She further stated that color vision evolved in three stages, the b deficiency and white stage, the blue -yellow stage, nd the red green stage. She suggested that more people suffered with red-green color blindness because it was the last to develop. Her theory was controversial, but it slowly gained partial acceptance. Ladd reportedly had involvement in the Purkinje phenomenon, that was developed by Hermann Ebbinghaus when she was working in his laboratory. In her later years, Ladd became an advocate for womens suffrage and assisted in the development of the Sarah Berliner and other research fellowships for women.Women in the 18th and 19th had very difficult times attaining a vocation in fields such as psychology, physics, and mathematics Due to the lack of womens rights, their ideas, studies, theories, and works were often unwelcomed. However, despite all powers against Christine Ladd-Franklin, she continued to zip on and accomplish exceptional feats. She died in 1930, but her legacy lives on in women psychologist and historians of psychology today.